The beginning of the prayer given as an example to the people is presented again in Luke ch 11, where one of the disciples asks the Lord to teach the to pray, as John also had taught his disciples. The two instances share some common elements in the words and order of the prayer. Matthew offers additional teaching on the practical nature of serving God and our fellow man in the immediate context, and provides the addition of the doxology found in the later part of v13, this ascription of power and glory to God the Father is significant for every generation.
The Hebrew audience would have recognized this as. Luke records a similar version, but Christ uses the opportunity to teach persistence in prayer using the parable of the persistent friend, ending with the words, “So I say to you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened.” (Luke 11:9–10, NKJV) and the Good Father, and the encouragement, “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!” (Luke 11:13, NKJV). In both instances Christ deals with prayer in a larger context of SUBMISSION, HUMILITY, and SUPPLICATION.
When we look at the outline of our two verses we see Christ is not suggesting prayer, as in the Luke passage, but commanding the act of prayer, in a specific manner. That manner, literally, “this way” is then divided by three major sections in the two verses, Addressing the Creator, Submitting to the Creator and Seeking the Creators Will.
- Addressing the Holy Creator
Psalm 4; 17; 99; Gen 3; Josh 15:15
- Submitting to the Creator
Rom 10:3-4; 2 Cor 5:21; Col 1:9-14
- Seeking the Creators Will
Mark 9:22-24; Luke 22:39ff; Heb 5:7-11 (Romans 12)