Both salt and light have intrinsic elements which are recognized universally. Salt in proportion flavors, preserves, and cleans. In an overabundance it can destroy or prevent growth. Likewise, light is a good thing used appropriately, with negative attributes attributed to an overabundance, the most common being understood by the common sunburn. In his sermon Christ presents to the disciples, salt as a pictures faith, obedience, and who they were as members of the Kingdom of Heaven (Matthew 5:3-12). His message does not ask the question, are you salty or are you light- Christ, begins to compare their lives to elements which they could easily understand. Salt and Light are not things easily misunderstood. Either you are salt, or you are not. Either you are light, or you are darkness. As we look at our text we want to keep those two things in mind. Ask yourselves, “How am I working as a Christian in Christ to demonstrate the qualities he has placed in me?” Is my faith seen by others around me? “Is my conversation salted with grace? “Do I illuminate those around me? These are the questions Christ is provoking in the four verses before us. Let’s look at the context and see how you can address each of these questions as we go through the verses.
Like a gemstone which shows brilliance and beauty as it is turned and viewed from many angles, the perfection of Christ in his role as the Creator, the Perfect Man and the Perfect Savior, are unpacked with great detail, demonstrating the beauty of the nature, which Christ added to the perfection of his person as the Son of God, was a human nature which is an integral part of the salvation narrative.